Shopping cart close

FMS Market

Forex Trading

What is

Forex trading

Trading forex involves buying one currency and selling another simultaneously. Through careful analysis, traders predict the potential direction of currency prices and attempt to capture gains based on price fluctuations. There is no centralised exchange for forex trading.

Market liquidity for currency pairs depends on the forex trading sessions. For instance, the EUR/USD pair shows a lot of movement and liquidity during the confluence of the London and New York sessions.


An Example Of Trading

Leverage CFD Trading

Suppose you want to trade CFDs, where the underlying asset is the AUD/USD currency pair, also known as the “Aussie.”


The difference between these two rates is known as the spread. This includes the broker’s charges. The spread depends on your choice of currency pair and the forex broker. Licensed forex brokers who provide ECN (Electronic Communications Network) pricing can source price quotes from multiple liquidity providers in the market. This means they can offer the tightest spreads.

Going Long or Going Short

When you assume a long position in a currency pair, you buy a currency in the hopes that its price will rise (appreciate) in the future. This means you wish to buy the base currency and sell the quote currency, since you expect the base currency to appreciate with respect to the quote currency.

What is Liquidity In Forex Trading

Liquidity in the forex market refers to the ability of a currency to be bought or sold on demand. Can buy or sell large amounts of these currencies without causing any significant difference to the exchange rate. Liquidity fluctuates during trading sessions.

Liquid markets, such as forex, tend to fluctuate by smaller increments, since high liquidity means less volatility. However, high volatility can occur due to significant external events.

Bid/Ask Spread

Now, “bid” is the selling price. The difference between these two prices is the “spread.” Depending on how liquid your asset is and your choice of broker, the spread can be tight or wide.


Pip is an acronym for Point in Percentage. It represents the smallest amount of change in the rate of a currency pair and is a standardised unit. Pip value fluctuations have an effect on trading gains.

Lot Size

Lots are standardised position sizes for currencies. The forex market gives you the flexibility to trade according to your means and risk profile. The standard size for a lot is 100,000 units of the base currency. There also are mini, micro and nano lot sizes that contain 10,000, 1,000 and 100 units of the base currency, respectively.

The Concept Of Leverage In Forex Trading

Leverage in forex trading is a useful financial tool. It allows traders to gain greater exposure to market movements than they could otherwise afford. The leverage amount is provided by the forex broker. It is important to put in place robust risk management strategies while trading.


Majors, Minors and Exotics

Not all currency pairs are traded in large volumes. The US Dollar, being the world’s reserve currency, is definitely traded the most; although, over the years, its dominance has waned somewhat.


Then comes a category of minor currency pairs, otherwise known as cross-currency pairs. They are called so because they do not include the US Dollar. So, to convert one into the other, the US Dollar will need to act as a mediating currency.

A few of the minor pairs are:

    Euro/British Pound (aka Chunnel)
    Euro/Australian Dollar
    Swiss Franc/Japanese Yen
    British Pound/Japanese Yen (aka Gopher)
    British Pound/Canadian Dollar


Major currency pairs have the tightest spreads.

They are:

    Euro/US Dollar (aka Fiber)
    British Pound/US Dollar (aka Cable)
    US Dollar/Japanese Yen (aka Ninja)
    US Dollar/Swiss Franc (aka Swissy)
    Canadian Dollar/US Dollar (aka Loonie)
    Australian Dollar/US Dollar (aka Aussie)
    New Zealand Dollar/US Dollar (aka Kiwi)


Exotics can include a major currency with an emerging market currency. Trading in exotics is considered risky, since they tend to have low liquidity, wider spreads and political instabilities in these countries can make these currencies volatile.

Some examples are:

    Euro/Turkish Lira
    US Dollar/Hong Kong Dollar
    Australian Dollar/Mexican Peso

In the brackets are the common nicknames for these currency pairs.

How to Trade Forex

With A Global Forex Broker

Take a look at these 5 steps to start trading Forex:

Financial Dreams Delivered

Let’s Create a Growth Strategy Together.

Scroll To Top